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Reduction in specific energy requirements through optimization of charge in Hismelt(Ironmaking) Process Presented by Mainak Saha. ABSTRACT. Direct smelting of iron ore is an alternative process for pig iron production that is currently coming of age. The. HIsmelt Direct. The China HIsmelt plant was commissioned and operated in , after about But sintering and coking is a high pollution emission process.

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This operating flexibility maximizes productivity, as it is easy to maintain a steady state operating window. The steep drop in prices of commodities around caused the project to be halted. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Liquid slag and metal splash acts as a carrier of the heat.

The environmental benefits of the HIsmelt process are considerable. The highly responsive nature of the process means that it converts iron ore, coal and flux to metal, slag and energy almost instantaneously.

HIsmelt process of Ironmaking

Blast furnace process is no doubt proven route globally. The partnership seeks to finalize the development of HIsmelt technology and to work together to further improve the technology to higher levels of environmental and economic performance. Ultra-low carbon dioxide steelmaking”.

Retrieved from ” https: Hiselt Read Edit View peocess. The plant had achieved a production rate of 80 tons of hot metal per hour in early with a coal rate of kg per ton of hot metal.

Your email address will not be published. Retrieved 17 March A theoretical answer was found to the earlier problems of the post-cyclone part of the cyclone furnace in the form of a Smelting Reduction Vessel and the Rio Tinto Group had industrial-scale experience with the required process, called HIsmelt.

HIsarna ironmaking process

Any other technology to reach the level of BF will take a lot of time. At that time the desire was mostly a hismet measure in order to make the process cheaper in trying economic times. The core of the HIsmelt process is the smelt reduction vessel SRV which has a refractory lined hearth and water cooled upper shell. The basic mechanism of the process is the reduction and smelting of the iron bearing ores with the dissolved carbon in the bath. HIsarna – Highly energy efficient ironmaking.


But some iron making technologies like finex, HIsmelt and HIsarna are technologically sound and have potential to have better techno-economics. Here the droplets fall from the wall into the molten slag, which sits on top of the liquid iron bath in the bottom of the furnace.

Construction of the HRDF with a design capacity oftons per annum, commenced in Retrieved 19 March Schematic of the HIsarna process Rio Tinto [8]. Archived from the original on 3 April Cyclone technology had already been used successfully in different industrial, chemical processes and designers at Hoogovens thought it might be a strategy for improvement for their process.

Retrieved 25 September The projected improvements from the process are as follows. Reaction gas CO and coal devolatilization products which are generated from deep within the bath form a fountain of mostly slag and some metal.

This is done through large amounts of liquid splash moving between the two regions. The geometry of this furnace causes a cyclone to form in the neck when the crushed iron ore is injected into this cyclone together with oxygen so oxygen is injected at the top rather than at the bottom. The horizontal vessel was operated from October to August The main improvements incorporated into the design included a stationary vertical vessel, top injection of solids, a simplified hot air blast lance, a fore hearth for continuous tapping of metal and water cooled panels to overcome refractory wear problems.

The hot metal produced in HIsarna also has advanatges for the steelmaking process, allowing for lower slag and metal phosphorus levels in the BOF converter or larger hot metal charges in an Electric arc furnace ptocess.

CS1 Dutch-language sources nl. The main objective of the HRDF was to demonstrate the process and engineering scale up of the core plant and to provide operating data for commercial evaluation. Whilst scale-up of the proecss was successfully demonstrated, the complexity of engineering a horizontal vessel limited its commercial viability.

These process capabilities allow for raw material feed rates to be changed very efficiently without affecting product quality. Cast house and metal tapping at the HIsarna pilot plant. Hence this process has flexibility to use high phosphorus containing ores.


HIsmelt process is highly flexible. Donate Grateful for your donation! In November it was announced that a large scale HIsarna pilot facility would be built at the Tata Steel site in JamshedpurProcss[25] [26] but that the site in IJmuiden would still be a potential location for further industrial implementation of the technology.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The process does not require the manufacturing of iron ore agglomerates such as pellets and sinter, nor the production of cokewhich are necessary for prcess blast furnace process.

Pattern welding Damascus steel Crucible steel Tatara furnace Cementation process.

The pilot plant has a capacity of producing 65, tons of pig iron per year. The heat of the cyclone causes the initial partial reduction reaction to take place that reduces iron ore to iron. However, at the time they couldn’t get it to work properly and the experiment was quickly abandoned. Slag is formed by fluxing the gangue in the iron ore and ash in the coal with lime and dolomite.

HIsmelt | Industrial Efficiency Technology & Measures

Bessemer process Open hearth furnace Electric arc furnace Basic oxygen process. However they need support of some dedicated entreprenuers to prove to the world that they are better technologies. Heat supply to maintain the necessary thermal balance comes by the combustion of reaction gas mostly CO in the upper part of the SRV.

The process has been developed to treat iron ore fines with minimum pretreatment, making the procesz more flexible in terms of the quality of iron ore it can treat. Hot metal is tapped continuously through an open forehearth and is free of slag. This vessel addressed all the key requirements orocess a successful direct smelting iron making technology — combining a high level of technical achievements with simple engineering hisemlt and plant technology.