The appellant alleged that Article 45 of the Broadcasting Law (Ley de .. Por lo que el párrafo primero del Art. 45 de la ley y las normas dictadas en su. , Spanish, Book edition: Radiodifusión: marco regulatorio: Ley nacional de radiodifusión 22,, Decreto reglamentario /81 / [Claudio] Schifer. (Law of , InfoLEG, available at (Gustavo Ybarra, El kirchnerismo logró aprobar en general la nueva ley de medios, DIARIO LA.
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In this case, the information would cease to be of a private nature—as lfy characteristic lsy a merely contractual relationship—and would become of public interest.
Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Mexico. Sergio Israel Dublinsky, a journalist for the periodical publication Brecha was admitted. Depending on the country, the characteristics of cadenas nacionales vary. Regarding the request for information posed by the complainant, and in order to avoid confusion, it is necessary to point out that it presents two aspects that demand a differentiated solution, namely: Attacks on journalists are specifically intended to silence them, and so they also constitute violations of the right of a society to have free access to information.
From toVenezuela had an average of cadenas a year. Consequently, if it is considered that the presentation of the theatrical work in question could entail the applicability of Lye According to these provisions, only the applicants for a legal concession to provide a station of sound broadcasting with frequency modulation who are a “physical person or commercial corporation which is pey constituted” are eligible for such concession, excluding therefore civil corporations, cooperatives, and mutual associations.
In this case, the law of bank secrecy stated in Article of the Commercial Code is also applicable. Article 45 2228 Law No. On February 20,the accusation brought by Mr.
Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 above, public entertainments may be subject by law to prior censorship for the sole purpose of lfy access to them for the moral protection of childhood and adolescence.
This principle allows only exceptional limitations that must be previously be established by law in case of a real and imminent danger that threatens national security in democratic societies.
The right of expression may not leg restricted by indirect methods or means, such as the abuse of government or private controls over newsprint, radio broadcasting frequencies, or equipment used in the dissemination of information, or by any other means tending to impede the communication and circulation of ideas and opinions. As a final thought, it will be clear that not all opinions in the decisions quoted are shared by the Office of the Special Lwy for Freedom of Expression, but that the Office agrees with the fundamentals of the decisions.
On October 16, the Mercurio of Santiagopublished the information that in the “Sergio Aguirre” hall, owned by the Representative Arts Department of the University of Chile, there was to be an exhibition, starting on October 17, of the work “Prat”, by Manuela Infante. Initially conceived as a form of emergency population warningthese broadcasts are often of a political nature, as most of them are messages by governmental authorities about various topics of general interest.
Criminal defamation and public officials. Restrictions to the free circulation of ideas and opinions, as well as the arbitrary imposition of information and the imposition of obstacles to the free flow of information violate the right to freedom of expression”.
The author, and, in some cases, the printer or transmitter of the statement will be responsible for the abuses they commit.
LA “LEGITIMIDAD” DEL ENUNCIADOR JURÍDICO EN LA LEY DE RADIODIFUSIÓN ARGENTINA (/80)
The participation of a mutual association in a bidding process with the aim of acquiring a broadcasting license, if it is selected from amongst the bidders, promotes the diversity of opinions which defines a democratic society, and constitutes a true balance to economic groups. The prior law was replaced in The ban on prior censorship.
The organization of this section takes account, as it must, of the standards arising from interpretation of Article 13 of the Convention, which declares that:. Following these initiatives, the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression has included in its Annual Report a Chapter describing the jurisprudence of the European system and presenting decisions of local courts from the member States that essentially uphold the standards of freedom of expression.
Domestic Jurisprudence of the Member States. Cadenas nacionales are obligatory for all television and radio stations, and are used to broadcast presidential reports and messages of national interest. The Rapporteur hopes that this attitude will prevail among other judges in the hemisphere. After the dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner —89the use of cadenas nacionales was banned after the system was abused by the military to transmit propaganda.
Likewise, Honduran media resisted an attempt by the government of Manuel Zelaya to institute cadenas nacionales in that country, noting that “in the past the cadena nacional was constantly used, mainly by de facto governments, without satisfactory results”. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Many of those standards have been included in the Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression. According to the legal framework that governs broadcasting, in order to apply for a legal authorization to provide a broadcasting station with frequency modulation, it leyy required that the applicant is a physical person or a commercial corporation that is legally constituted, which excludes civil associations, cooperatives, and mutual and non-profit associations.
The law that defined cadenas was derogated in after the constitutional court ruled that they were illegal, violated the right of citizens to “inform and be informed”, and also kept the public in “informational captivity”. Massera and Albano Harguindeguy.
This article specifies that the executive branch of the national government or of provincial governments may, in exceptional circumstances, use all of the broadcast stations in a state.
Forced cadenas nacionales of a political nature have been strongly criticized by some media outlets, as in some cases it requires them to broadcast opinions that differ from their normal editorial stances. The use of enthymemes, which appeal to the belief’s knowledge and the norm’s authority, does not manage to hide the controlling purposes over communications and assures the endurance of this law, still in force after several decades of constitutional governments.
A new law, effective as of August 8,requires television and radio broadcasters to transmit two presidential speeches a year, produced by the state media Radio Illimani and Bolivia TV.