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Iqbal tried to invoke in the Muslims a collective ego, beyond the ego of the self, that could enable a collection of men as large as 70 million to. Allahabad Address []. Muslim leaders at Allahabad, ` Allama Iqbal defined the Muslims of India as a nation and suggested that there could be no. Allama Iqbal Address on at Allahabad. Importance In his Presidential Address, Allama labal said: ”I would like to see the Punjab.

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A great aggregation of men, sane of mind and warm of heart, creates a moral consciousness which is called a nation. Indeed the Afghan is, by instinct, more fitted for democratic institutions than any other people in India.

Nay, it is my duty, according to the teaching of the Quran, even to defend their places of worship, if need be.

Allahabad Address

Whereas Iqbal explained that Islam was not a private matter, the demand of separate homeland was based on Islam as it did not neglect the common life. And as far as I have been able to read the Muslim mind, I have no hesitation in declaring that if the principle that the Indian Muslim is entitled to full and free development on the lines of his own culture and tradition in his own Indian home-lands is recognized as the basis of a permanent communal settlement, he will be ready to stake his all for the freedom of India.

So also without the fullest cultural autonomy — and communalism in its better aspect is culture — it will be difficult to create a harmonious nation.

Once Muslims learn to do that they will begin to appreciate Islam. Allahabad Address Posted by: This [loss] makes it possible for individuals and groups to start independent careers without contributing to the general thought and activity of the community.

It is a very living and practical problem calculated to affect xddress very fabric of Islam as a system of life and conduct.

However, his focus was on primarily Muslims of this region when he dealt with the political or the constitutional issues of India. Next Article Fire 190 Forget.


Allahabad Address (1930)

However, the most lucid explanation of the inner feelings of the Muslim community was given by Allama Muhammad Iqbal in his presidential address to the All-India Muslim League at Allahabad in It is obvious that the Punjab Muslims cannot be satisfied with less than a clear majority in the total House.

He gave the idea and concept about a separate homeland allaka this address because the Muslim were a nation and had a right that they got the identification and passed their lives in order to the Islamic principles. The principle of European democracy cannot be applied to India without recognising the fact of communal groups.

The life of Islam as a cultural force in the country very largely depends on its centralisation in a specified territory. The exclusion of Ambala Division, and perhaps of some districts where non-Muslims predominate, will make it less extensive and more Muslim in population — so that the exclusion suggested will enable this consolidated State to give a more effective protection to non-Muslim minorities within its area.

Srinivasa Sastri thinks that the Muslim demand for the creation of autonomous Muslim states along the north-west allaka is actuated by a desire “to acquire means of exerting pressure in emergencies on the Government of India. In his presidential address on 29 DecemberIqbal outlined a vision of an independent state for Muslim-majority provinces in northwestern India. Nor should the Hindus fear that the creation of autonomous Muslim states will mean the introduction of a kind of religious rule allamaa such states.

Retrieved from ” https: He knew exactly where to draw a line between statehood and Islam.

Allahabad Address ()

Pakistan Movement and Two Nation Theory. All this has a meaning both for the British who have sought the participation of the Indian Princes, and for the Hindus who have unhesitatingly accepted the evolution of an all-India federation. I have no doubt that in this great assembly there are men whose political experience is far more extensive than mine, and for whose knowledge of affairs I have the highest respect.

However, he would not elucidate or specify if his ideal Islamic state would construe a theocracyeven as he rejected secularism and nationalism.

It is a State conceived as a contractual organism long before Rousseau ever thought of such a thing, and animated by an ethical ideal which regards man not as an earth-rooted creature, defined by this or that portion of the earth, but as a spiritual being understood in terms of a social mechanism, and possessing rights and duties as a living factor in that mechanism. India is a continent of human groups belonging to the different races, speaking different languages, and professing different religions.


Allahabad Address 1930

In other words, the scheme appears to be aiming at a kind of understanding between Hindu India and British Imperialism — you perpetuate me in India, and I in return aedress you a Hindu oligarchy to keep all other Indian communities in perpetual subjection. Such a man cannot but look at matters from his own point of view. I do not know of any definite authoritative pronouncement on the matter.

The truth is that the participation of the Indian Princes, among whom only a few are Muslims, in a federation scheme allaahabad a double purpose. The control and direction of such an army must rest in the hands of agents of Imperial Government. And Luther was perfectly justified in rising in revolt against this organisation; though, I think, he did not realise that in the peculiar conditions which obtained in Europe, aolama revolt would eventually mean the complete displacement of [the] universal ethics of Jesus by the growth of a plurality of national and hence narrower systems of ethics.

He is reported to have said that “his government would find it difficult addresss submit to Parliament proposals for the maintenance of separate electorates, since joint electorates were much more in accordance with British democratic sentiments. Unless the Muslims are considered as a nation and their rights addrwss protected, it is impossible to establish peace and order in the land.

The Muslims of India can have no objection to purely territorial electorates if provinces are demarcated so as to secure comparatively homogeneous addess possessing linguistic, racial, cultural and religious unity. Political events had taken an ominous turn. I entertain the highest respect for the customs, laws, religious and social institutions of other communities.