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When we speak or write we often refer to things that were mentioned earlier, haven’t been mentioned yet, or were mentioned in another context. Cataphoric Reference: A cataphoric reference unit refers to another unit that is introduced later on in the text/speech. To understand the unit refered to by a. Anaphoric and Cataphoric References. Anaphoric Reference. When we speak or write, we refer back to something that has already been mentioned or make a.

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In general, which would you prefer for a position on evolution, or nuclear physics, or geology, or grammar: If there is another standard reference with unquestioned facts about this particular usage it would be useful to know what it is.

Sign up using Email and Password. It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thishowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness.

Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing

Even better, a firm opinion based on a personal prejudice that matches one’s own. Email Required, but never shown. Inside it was the key to his future. Perhaps Swan has identified a particular context where there is “a non-negligible effect on the meaning”.

What is exophoric reference? Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words, Cataphoric referencewhich means a word in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand, subsequent words.


I want to refer back to “that I wrote critical and analytical essays”.

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The page is dedicated to publish any information about grammatical english and some exercises with its translating.

What is anaphoric reference?

Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. It’s true that this is used in cataphoric reference and that hardly ever; but they are also both widely used in anaphor, the basic difference then being that this is proximal, that distal.

Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing –

This is preferred when there is more to say about the new subject of discussion: Helmar 4, 7 23 Here are some examples of exophoric reference: Michael went to the bank. Sounds like Swann alone.

Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words. What could be a better source of authority? I have also attempted to justify my slight personal preference for this in the context in which I assume the OP will be using the sentence. Does Swann say why it is to be preferred? Then, since Swann’s book is for non-native speakers, he must prefer for them to speak by rules that are different from the ones that native speakers use, which are catpahoric Huddleston and Pullum report.

He sat down at the table and took a small box from his pocket.


Post Your Answer Discard By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies. What is cataphoric reference? This recerence, as the more present or proximal pronoun, may also better convey the sense that what is being referred to is relevant in the present context for example, an application letter or cv.

Exophoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something outside the discourse. The OP and other viewers will presumably decide if my answer is helpful or not.

What is the function of anaphoric and cataphoric reference?

One woman tied herself to the bottom of a car and passed through a checkpoint unnoticed. A strange situation, indeed. In contrast, Swan in Practical English Usage p does detect a slight difference: Her refers to my mother.

It is likely ane the OP’s sentence will be followed by something more on the new subject academic eagerness. They refers to some people outside the discourse known to both speakers.

He was annoyed because it was closed. Leave a comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.