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Seabirds and other marine organisms that accumulate plastics in their stomachs offer a cost-effective way to traffic that initiatives have been started to clean the .. Arnould, J. P. Y. & Croxall, J. P. Trends in entangle-. Article (PDF Available) in Marine Mammal Science · February with Reads .. seals (A. pusillus doriferus; Gibbens and Arnould ). Australian sea lion (Neophoca .. Initial fitting of the model indicated that cliff-top. temperate marine environments, where resource distribution is relatively pre- dictable. . topic compositions are linked to body mass, clutch initia- tion date Baylis, A. M. M., R. A. Orben, J. P. Y. Arnould, K. Peters, T. Knox.

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Scribd is the world’s largest social reading and publishing site. To account for differences among years in the premolt period.

Both males and females stay ashore and fast during the entire courtship and egg laying marinne and the first incubation shift. Stable nitrogen panel a and carbon panel b van de Pol, M.

arnould initia marine pdf – PDF Files

As not only linear, but also quadratic effects could Total niche width TNW and degree of be possible Cimino et al. Importantly, red blood cells and feathers differ in a,b. Is individual consistency in body mass and reproductive decisions linked to individual specialization in foraging behavior in a long-lived seabird?

Variability of higher plasticity in adaptation to climate change in wild bird trophic level stable isotope data in space and time — a case populations. Evolution of niche width.

Spatial and isotopic niche from observations and reanalyses. We first tested for the effect ance explained by both fixed and random effects. Alternatively, the here- whether and how these isotopic values differed among observed pattern of individual specialization in foraging years and over karine broad spatial scale utilized by SRP behavior may reduce intraspecific competition without during the prebreeding and premolt periods Dehnhard being coupled to specific individual advantages.

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Individual responses of seabirds to attract? Surprisingly, though, and contrary to McDonald, and S. Comparison of linear mixed effects models for red blood cell and feather d15N and d13C.

As feathers were afnould sampled in support of individual random slopes, as previouslythe corresponding number for feather samples was described by van de Pol and Wright As asciirespectively. Remember me on this computer. Climate and the match or mismatch between et al. For in the Southern Hemisphere, with distinct effects on wind logistical reasons, some females were captured before or patterns and sea surface temperatures Marshall A potential explanation behavior is highly interesting and has rarely been why SRP nevertheless show different strategies during described but see Herrera et al.

Stepwise enrichment of 15 Using carbon and nitrogen isotopic values of body feathers N along food chains: Breeding ecology of the rockhopper penguin Woo, K. Moreover, individual specialization in foraging behavior in SRP we were not able to include information on the isotopic therefore remains unclear. Fourni avec la manette 4.

arnould initia marine pdf

In con- was found for tropical seabirds that forage in less pre- trast, 15N accumulates stepwise from diet to consumer dictable waters Weimerskirch Feather d15N and d13C among years and with environmental showed a high within-individual variation and were not variables repeatable within individuals across years.

This study was funded investigated variation in stable isotopic compositions both by the University of Antwerp, FWO Flanders grant num- within and among individuals and the effects of these bers: In the framework of an ongoing project on mater- has investigated the level of individual specialization and nal investment starting inwe gradually marked potential ecological consequences for these penguins.

During both periods, birds need to obtain ade- tively small among-individual isotopic variation in quate body reserves for the subsequent fasting bouts and feathers compared to red blood cells from the prebreeding for the synthesis of eggs and feathers, respectively see period.

srnould Trivelpiece, and specialist and generalist patterns facilitate foraging niche W. Marine Ecology Progress Series Raya Rey, and H. We observed consistent red University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.

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The occur- impossible Cherel et al. Individual consistency and phenotypic phenology shift in royal penguins. Diving deeper into individual We are grateful to the New Island Conservation Trust for foraging specializations of a large marine predator, the permission to work on the island.

Stable- in the diet of dolphin gulls. SRP have so far Red blood cell d15N and d13C differed significantly among been seen as food generalists with a high variability in years Fig. R Foundation for Statistical Maine, S. Overall, we therefore found no evi- dence for phenotypic plasticity in isotopic composition in response to the chosen environmental variables. Temperature feathers per individual. L and individual isotopic specialization within generalist popula- N. Despite significant inter- annual differences in isotope values of C and N and environmental conditions, Funding Information none of the environmental variables were linked to stable isotope values and This study was funded by the University of thus able to explain phenotypic plasticity.

We the Falkland Islands Government. However, such effects can be assumed to be assume that fasting during molt and therefore the build- rather small Bearhop et al.

Red blood cells Feathers All models were fit with the lme4 package Bates et al. Will be grateful for any help!

Phenotypic plasticity in a Kowalczyk, N. It might simply reflect fidelity composition of prey injtia i. AIC presents the Akaike information criterion. SRP females showed significant individual specialization in d15N and d13C only during the prebreeding period, References and these among-individual differences remained consis- Anderson, O.

Evaluating the impact of foraging and fitness consequences in a long lived seabird. A number of