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Weight: g/Im. Product End Use: Upholstery. Identification. Tested For: Bente Ellingsoe, Quality Department. Key Test: ASTM D/ACT K. Gabriel A/S. ASTM DAbrasion Test by Oscillatory – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. ASTM D* Wyzenbeek (Oscillatory Cylinder). The ASTM D is a test of the American Society of Testing and Materials. A Wyzenbeek machine is.

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ASTM D – 08() Standard Guide for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Uniform Abrasion)

Laboratory tests may be axtm as an indication of relative end-use performance in cases where the difference in abrasion resistance of various materials is large, but they should not be relied upon where differences in laboratory test findings are small.

Wire screen or wire mesh is used as an abradant when the test specimen is d417 abrasive than the cotton duck. The resistance to abrasion is affected by many factors, such as the inherent mechanical properties of the fibers; the dimensions of the fibers; the structure of the yarns; the construction of the fabrics; and the type, kind, and amount of finishing material added to the fibers, yarns, or fabric.

Four options for evaluation are included: Therefore, ACT does not recommend using absolute numbers for comparision. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. Number of cycles determines abrasion rating.

Understanding Abrasion Testing – Alendel Fabrics Ltd.

Wyzenbeek results abovedouble rubs have not been shown to be an indicator of increased lifespan. Permanent abradants may also change due to pick up of finishing or other material from test fabrics and must accordingly be cleaned at frequent intervals. A fabric with twice the number of abrasion cycles does not indicate double the service life.


Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in parentheses. This test can also increase the uniformity of the abrading action by washing away abrasion debris and preventing the build up of broken fibers that can interfere with the proper progression of the tests. Make sure to check a new post from the Association of Contract Textiles regarding acceptable abrasion standards.

This is an oscillating test. Experience has shown in many instances, that relative results obtained with this instrument when used on a series of fabrics, agreed with those obtained based upon performance in end use.

D4517, specifiers should consider the following qualifiers when assessing double rub ratings: The relationship varies with different end uses, and different factors may be necessary in any calculation of predicted durability from specific abrasion data.

Specific instances have been described. Other fabrics with established test values may be used for this purpose. With permanent abradants that use hardened metal or equivalent surfaces, it is assumed that the abradant will not change appreciably in a specific series of tests, but obviously similar abradants used in different laboratories will not likely change at the same rate due to differences in usage.

Wyzenbeek — New Test Video. If bias d4175 found, either its cause must be found and corrected, or future test results must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.

Fabrics of all types including carpets, garments and nonwovens may be tested under this method. It is ast surprising, therefore, to find that there are many different types of abrasion testing machines, abradants, testing conditions, testing procedures, methods of evaluation of abrasion resistance, and interpretation of results.

The measurement of the relative amount of abrasion may also be affected by the method of evaluation and may be influenced by the judgment of the operator. All of the following issues astj be included in any such assessment: Four options for evaluation are included:. My go to reference on the subject is the Association for Contract Textiles.


Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. For survey details and additional research, read our White Papers. The test results from the two laboratories should be compared using a statistical test for r4157 data, at a probability level chosen prior to the testing series.

Option 4—Breaking Strength Loss. Collectively, these considerations will facilitate your selection of the most appropriate fabric for the project. As a minimum, test samples that are as homogeneous as possible, drawn from the material from which the disparate test results were obtained, and randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The test results from the two laboratories should be compared using a statistical test for unpaired data, at a probability d417 chosen prior aastm the testing series.

This test method may not be usable for some fabric constructions.

Understanding Abrasion Testing

In fact, Wyzenbeek results abovedouble rubs have not been shown to be an indicator of increased fabric lifespan. This test method provides a comparative measurement of the resistance of woven textile fabrics to abrasion, and may not necessarily predict the actual performance of fabrics in actual use.

A Wyzenbeek machine is used for this test allowing samples of the test fabric to be pulled tight in a frame and held stationary.

If a bias is found, either a cause must be found and corrected, or future test results must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.