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Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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A pharmacological evaluation of Baphia nitida Lodd Leguminosae ethanolic extract on rats and mice. Being easy to propagate and fast growing, camwood can also be planted as a hedge as has been done by the IITA Forest Project opposite the research shade houses.

Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. In Nigeria the nutrient content of leaves per g dry matter was approximately: Click on “show more” to view them. Link is drunk against asthma.

In the leaves bapnia, flavonoid glycosides and true tannins are present. Formerly ox-stomachs used as aprons by women were dyed in the same way, then tanned and stretched out to dry.


Baphia nitida

There are 8 Wikipedia citations related to Baphia nitida Lodd. Baphia pubescens differs from Baphia nitida in its leaves, which are hairy below, and in its hairy ovary. A decoction of the bark is drunk against epilepsy.

See images of our work on Flickr. The seeds are edible[ ]. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Baphia nitida often grows as an understorey tree in wetter baphai of coastal regions, in rainforest, in secondary forest and on abandoned farmland, from sea-level up to m altitude.

Camwood Baphia nitidaotherwise known as African sandalwood or barwood. Baphia nitida occurs wild from Senegal to Gabon.

Baphia nitida Camwood, Baphia PFAF Plant Database

Using different mordants, applied before and after the dye bath, and various mixtures with other dyewoods, a wide range of colours from red to brown, green, grey, purplish and black can be obtained. In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum dye bath[ ]. There are 1 news article citations related to Baphoa nitida Lodd.

Combined with Cissus quadrangularis, it is used to treat bone fractures[ ]. Fruits are straight pods, cm long and mm wide, sharply pointed at both ends and with brown, flat seeds. The distribution of Baphia nitida. Substitutes for camwood niitida the dyes obtained from other insoluble redwoods, such as Benin camwood Baphia pubescens Hook. Volume 3, Families J—L. Both leaves and bark are considered haemostatic and anti-inflammatory, baphai are used for healing sores and wounds[ ].


It carves and turns well and planes smoothly. Revised structures of santalin and santarubin. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida.

In Nigeria, Tiv people colour the inside of a gourd prepared as a beehive with the red dye to attract a swarm to settle there and Yoruba honey-hunters rub their body with the dye paste to baphiq bee-stings. Camwood is also used as a medicinal plant. Baphia nitida Distribution of Baphia nitida Lodd.

In West Africa, powdered heartwood is a familiar red body paint and the paste is much used as a cosmetic for the skin, e. The plant responds well to trimming and is grown as a hedge and fence[ ].

Camwood has long been used in traditional African medicine.