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The CRAFFT Screening Interview. Begin: “I’m going to ask you a few questions that I ask all my patients. Please be honest. I will keep your answers confidential.” . that you sniff or “huff”)? Put “0” if none. The CRAFFT Questionnaire (version ). Please answer all questions honestly; your answers will be kept confidential. The CRAFFT is a (updated version of a) behavioral health screening tool for use with children ages and is recommended by the American Academy of .

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Author manuscript; available in PMC Jul 1.

Route of HIV acquisition. When compared to the U. These findings also suggest a need questionnaige additional time and personnel to further assess the substantial numbers of adolescents who will screen positive when universal screening is implemented.

This study demonstrates that the brief CRAFFT test has good validity for identifying substance-related problems and disorders in adolescent medical patients. Los participantes completaron una encuesta autoadministrada.

Drug and alcohol dependence. The first three items Part A evaluate alcohol and queshionnaire use over the past year and the other six Part B ask about situations in which the respondent used drugs or alcohol and any consequences of the usage.

Frequencies of participants’ demographic characteristics and substance-related diagnostic classifications during the previous 12 months are presented in Table 1. One study reported that adolescent medical patients were frequently dishonest when answering providers’ questions about substance use because parents were present. To assess the ability of the CRAFFT test to discriminate among diagnostic classification groups, we first converted CRAFFT scores to ranks, then used 1-way analysis of variance and a post-hoc comparison test to compare mean ranks between pairs of groups.

A number of screening devices are available for this purpose, including brief questionnaires and orally administered tests. First, the results are generalizable only to YLWH who have been diagnosed and linked to care in the cities which were represented with the ATN sample. Substance-related problems and disorders were highly prevalent in the clinic we rcafft, affecting craffft than 1 in 4 patients.


Adolescent alcohol and drug use and health. Participants were compensated for their time and transportation in accordance with site IRB guidelines. Geneva, Switzerland World Health Organization. Specifically, for youth who reported weekly or more marijuana use and reported any other illicit drug, those who were older in age were more likely to screen positive on the CRAFFT compared to those younger in age.

Journal of Pediatric Health Care. We compared the dual-entry files to identify discrepancies and reconciled them by checking the original data source. Many widely used screening devices are either impractical for busy medical offices or developmentally inappropriate for adolescents.

Although written questionnaires may present an advantage in efficiency when patients complete them in the waiting area, they are limited by risks to confidentiality. Copyright American Medical Association. One of the primary reasons for concern regarding substance use among youth living with HIV YLWH is its potential for contributing to disease progression, morbidity, and transmission. Positive screens should be followed by a more complete substance use history, taken by either a physician or some other trained health care professional.

Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, customize your interests, and more. Public Health Service has endorsed routine and universal alcohol and tobacco screening in primary care The prevalence of substance use problems is known to increase with age in the general population and ethnic differences are documented in the literature For example, a score of 4 or higher should raise suspicion of substance dependence.

Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. Early detection of harmful alcohol consumption: Comparison at intake and 6 months later. Depression and stigma in high-risk youth living with HIV: The ideal instrument for screening adolescents must be developmentally appropriate, valid and reliable, and practical for use in busy medical offices. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. Of the eligible patients, Questionnaires have certain limitations.

CRAFFT Screening Test

To date, the CRAFFT has been utilized in samples of youth living with HIV as an indicator of problematic substance use 18 — 21 ; however, to our knowledge, research has yet to validate its use by examining how it is associated with self-report substance use behaviors. First, the CRAFFT is the only screening test that includes an item on drinking and driving or riding with an intoxicated driver.


Demographic differences by screening positive on the CRAFFT among questionaire who reported weekly or more tobacco and alcohol use in the past 3 months. Substance abuse has been linked to both mental and physical health problems, making settings where adolescents receive medical care ideal places for screening and early intervention.

An additional aim of the study was to examine whether there were any sociodemographic differences among those who reported frequent substance use among those who screened positive on the CRAFFT compared to frequent substance users who did not screen positive on the CRAFFT.

A receiver operating characteristic area of 1 upper-left corner of the graph theoretically indicates that the test is always correct, and an area of 0.

CRAFFT Screening Test – Wikipedia

Get free access to newly published articles Create a personal account or sign in to: Youth living with HIV may benefit from a holistic team-based approach to screening and brief intervention which is integrated into HIV care settings The assessment took 45—90 minutes queetionnaire complete. Substance abuse affects men and women of all races, ethnic groups, and ages—including adolescents.

It has been established as valid and reliable for identifying youth who need further assessment and therapeutic intervention [5] The CRAFFT was originally designed to screen adolescents at high risk of substance use disorders in primary medical care offices.

Participants with both abuse and dependence diagnoses eg, cannabis abuse and alcohol dependence suestionnaire classified as having dependence.