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Because of the general similarity in appearance between the various giant types of Cynodon, there has been considerable confusion over the years in the. Image of Cynodon nlemfuensis. Cynodon nlemfuensis Trusted Image of Cynodon nlemfuensis; Map of Cynodon nlemfuensis. See all media · See all maps. Varieties: C. n. var. nlemfuensis – C. n. var. robustus Cynodon nlemfuensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S.

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Cynodoh19 Herbage Abstracts, 40 3: It is adapted to soils with pH 6. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. All grow best in full sun or light shade, although some types, at least, seem adapted to moderate shade providing fertility is adequate. Datasheet Description Click on the “Nutritional aspects” tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa http: Growth of steers grazed solely on tropical grasses.

Occurs in disturbed areas in grassland, cattle paddocks and road verges, on moist alluvium. It is a fast-growing C 4 grass that spreads mostly vegetatively Smith and Valenzuela, Nematodes isolated nlemfuuensis these grasses include the stubby root Trichodorusspiral Helicotylenchusstealth Hemicycliophoraring Hemicriconemoidesstunt Tylenchorhynchusawl Dolichodorusand lance Hoplalaimus nematodes.

Cynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)

There are also records of leaf blight disease caused by Thanatephorus cucumeris during the rainy season, black choke on inflorescences and leaves caused by Ephelis sp. Fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda and spittlebug Prosapia bicinata are the major insect pests, along with strip grass looper caterpillar Mocis latipes.


Acceptability to cattle declines rapidly with time. Rearing system of female cattle, in the calf stage, with the utilization of legumes. An Interactive Selection Tool http: Fruit and seed production is very poor outside its native distribution range Cook et al.

Inflorescence a digitate or sub-digitate panicle, comprising spreading, spike-like racemes cm long, in whorls. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, It cynodn escaped from cultivation into natural areas, where it rapidly colonizes new areas forming dense mats which are very difficult to control because plants easily re-sprout from remnant stolons and rooted runners Smith and Valenzuela, ; Cook et al.

A more restricted flowering period than C. Habitat Top of page C. More rapid rotation hlemfuensis grazing animals say every 1 or 2 weekscan lead to higher liveweight gains, providing overall stocking rates and adequate stubble levels are maintained. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the nlemfkensis. Datasheet Cynodon nlemfuensis African Bermuda-grass. Agronomy Guidelines for the establishment and management of sown pastures.

If well fertilised, they grow vigorously, producing the best combination of yield and quality when grazed or cut every weeks, which generally means maintaining a stubble height of cm, and allowing the sward to reach cm.


When produced, nlemfunsis are wind-dispersed, but they can also be dispersed attached to animals and vehicles. Production potential Dry matter Yields vary greatly with time of year, moisture availability, defoliation management, and nitrogen fertility.

Species in the genus Cynodon are described as large, robust, deep-rooted, and non-rhizomatous grasses. Digestibility of top growth killed by frost declines by percentage units after 1 week, and percentage unit after 4 weeks. Arachis pintoiCentrosema molle pubescensDesmodium uncinatumNlemufensis bainesiiStylosanthes guianensisTrifolium repens.

Stolons stout, woody, usually lying flat on the ground. Uses Top of page C.

Cynodon nlemfuensis

Star grass Cynodon nlemfuensis. Bermuda; nelmfuensis Bermuda; hawaiiano; hierba bermuda; pasto Bermuda Cuba: Legon Agricultural Research Bulletin, 1: The two varieties can be distinguished based on the following information Cook et al.

Although mostly very palatable when young, nlemfuensjs to cattle declines rapidly beyond about 5-week regrowth. Detailed decription of more than grassland species. High nutritive value if managed correctly.

While reports of high levels of HCN in C. Cynodon nlemfuensis African Bermuda-grass ; seedhead. Larger infestations can be controlled by mowing the foliage and the aboveground segments of the grass.