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Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Dec 13, Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE WITCH-PERSECUTIONS. 1. WITCH-PERSECUTION IN THE EARLIER FIFTEENTH CENTURY. Nider, Formicarius, ed. of Augsburg.

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Main Ancient Medieval Modern. The fourth book deals with the virtues of saints and other holy people, using the stages of an ant’s life cycle. And, while this is being nidsr, the notary must write down everything in his record of the trial–how the prisoner is tortured, on what points he is questioned, and how he answers.

Others hold, as to this point, that for a time the promise made to the witch sentenced to imprisonment is to be kept, but that after a time she should be burned. The Formicarius was written between andwhile Nider was part of the theological faculty at the University of Vienna. Thus bound under curse, she quitted.


Formicadius text is part of the Internet Medieval Source Book. Views Read Edit View history. University of Pennsylvania Press, Peter’s, in the year of Our Lord’s incarnation formicagius, on the nones of December, in the first year of our pontificate.

Nider, a Dominican reformer himself, intended the book to reach as wide an audience as possible through its use in popular sermons. Occasional moderate damp-staining to top portion of some leaves: In each case, the student quickly becomes bored and asks for contemporary examples. Then a certain priest, or rather pimp, seduced this witch with talk of love; so that she stole away with him at length and went to Metz, where she lived as his concubine and showed all men openly by what spirit she was led.

After the theologian would present these, the student asks clarifying questions that Nider used to dispel what he saw as common misconceptions.

Soon after their return from Rome they set themselves at the compilation of a hand-book which should leave no judge an excuse for laxity–an exposition of witchcraft and a code of procedure for the detection and punishment of witches. Printed in single volume 33 lines and head-line, in large hider letter Type 2: Valais witch trials —47 Val Camonica witch trialsNavarre witch trials Polula witch trials Lisbon witch trial Benandanti Fairy witch trials of Sicily Basque witch trials Roermond witch trial Spa witch trial Terrassa witch trials Werewolf witch trials Witch trial of Nogaredo —47 Salzburg witch trials —81 Northern Moravia witch trials Liechtenstein witch trials —82 Szeged witch trials —29 Doruchowo witch trial The judge must then address to the prisoners the following sentence: Nider used the ant colony as a metaphor for a harmonious society.


The second book, dealing with revelations, was based on ants’ varied means of locomotion. The Extracts is taken from the edition of Formicatius published at Douai in Most of these accounts are representative of the late medieval religious atmosphere of what is now Switzerlandsouthern GermanyAustriaand the southern Rhineland.

Occasional light soiling, mostly marginal. Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons Here it may be asked whether the judge, in the case of a prisoner much defamed, convicted both by witnesses and by proofs, nothing being lacking but his own confession, can properly lead him to hope that his life will be spared–when, even if he confess his formiccarius, he will be punished with death.

The Formicarius would have functioned as a kind of preacher’s manual, with stories tailor-made for use in sermons. And they shall also have full and entire liberty to propound and preach to the faithful the word of God, as often as it shall seem to them fitting and proper, in each and all of the parish churches in the said provinces, and to do all things necessary and suitable under the aforesaid circumstances, and likewise freely and fully to carry them out. Then certain men of great learning wrote treatises concerning her, wherein they expressed not only diverse but also adverse opinions as to the Maid.

And this, all other apostolic decrees and earlier decisions to the contrary notwithstanding; or if to any, jointly or severally, there has been granted by this rormicarius see exemption from interdict, suspension, or excommunication, by apostolic letters not making entire, express, and literal mention of the said grant of exemption; or if there exist any other indulgence whatsoever, general or special, of whatsoever tenor, by failure to name which or to insert it bodily in the present letter the carrying out of this privilege could be hindered or in any way put off, or any of jider whole tenor special mention must be made in our letters.

A great multitude were then summoned, of masters both in Canon and in Civil Law, and she was examined for many days. The idea that the magician was primarily female was also shocking to some.

But, after that she had given great help to king Charles, and had confirmed formivarius for some years upon his throne, then at last, by God’s will, as it is believed, she was taken in arms by the English and cast into prison. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. Traces of removed early bookmark tabs at fore-edges of five leaves, occasionally causing small marginal tears. The Formicarius consists of a number of books addressing various topics, including “good works and revelations,” “falsities and wicked acts,” and “the deeds of virtuous people.


We, the judge, etc. For information about the antthrush genus, see Formicarius genus. Even when armed with the papal bull, the German Inquisitors found their preparation incomplete. Fragments of 14th-century vellum manuscript used as spine-liner.

Hinges a bit strained, but firm; binding solid. Pennsylvania State University Press. And note that, if he confesses under the torture, he must afterward be conducted to another place, that he may confirm it and certify that it was not due alone to the force nidef the torture. In Germany, especially, the Inquisitors charged with the task found themselves hampered by skepticism.

Wherefore in the provinces, cities, dioceses, territories, and places aforesaid such offences and crimes, not without evident damage to their souls and risk of eternal salvation, go unpunished.

The method of beginning an examination by torture is as follows: In this book of the Formicarius, Nider makes mention of the practice of witchcraft, dealings between witches and demons, gatherings of witches, and the association of magic with women 3. Formicarius Dublin Core Title Formicarius. This association between women and witchcraft would come to characterize much of the witchcraft hysteria of early modern Europe.

At last this Joan came to such a formicxrius of presumption that, before France had been yet recovered, she already sent threatening letters to the Bohemians, among whom there were then a multitude of heretics.

Medieval European History | Formicarius

The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history. Recently found by via Libri Bound in contemporary German blind-tooled pigskin over wooden boards; two brass clasps and engraved brass catchplates.

Good wide-margined example, unpressed and unwashed. This bull, known from its first words as Summis desiderantesruns as follows:. The idea that any persons could perform acts of magic simply by devoting themselves to the devil scared people of this time and proved to be one of the many factors that led people to begin fearing magic [ citation needed ].