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History of Baalbek [Michel M. Alouf, Tedd St Rain] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek. Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. Inhabited as early. Author: Michel M. Alouf; Category: Voyages; Length: Pages; Year:

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The Temple of Venus—also known as the Circular Temple or Nymphaeum [] —was added under Septimius Severus in the early 3rd century [ citation needed ] but destroyed under Constantinewho raised a basilica in its place. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek drew alohf numbers of tourist crowds.

The interior of the Temple of Bacchus in the s. The emperor Trajan consulted the site’s oracle twice. Roof sculpture, supposedly of Cleopatra. The rectangular Great Court to its west covers around 3 or 4 acres 1. In Decemberit was raided by the garrison of Banyas as a reprisal for its role in a Turcoman raid on Banyas. It is feasible that, if the Watchers and Hitory and laouf the Titans and giants are to be seen as a lost race of human beings, any presumed pre-Phoenician culture in Lebanon could not have failed to have encountered their presence in the Near East.

Alouf, made his years of research available in this heavily illustrated work. Sanchoniatho goes on to say that the demi-gods of Byblos possessed ‘light and other more complete ships’, implying they were a sea-faring nation. What was the reasoning behind this decision?

It still possesses some of the best-preserved Roman ruins in Lebanon, including one of the largest temples of the empire.

Furthermore, why accredit Cain, Adam’s outcast son, as the builder of Baalbek’s first city? Scholars suggest that Baalbek started its life as a convenient trading post between the Lebanese coast and Damascus.

No contemporary Roman historian or scholar commentates on how it was constructed, and there are no tales that preserve the means by which the Roman builders achieved such marvelous feats of engineering.


Despite finding nothing they could date prior to Baalbek’s Roman occupation, [] Puchstein and his associates worked until [70] and produced a meticulously researched and thoroughly illustrated series of volumes.

History of Baalbek – Michel M. Alouf – Google Books

How did the pulley gangs manage to bring together these stones so exactly and how were they able to achieve such precision movement when the land beyond the podium slopes gently downwards? To balbek this amount of lift, Fontana used an incredible 40 windlasses, which necessitated a combined force of men and horses. Retrieved from ” xlouf It is mentioned in Josephus[49] Pliny[50] Strabo[51] and Ptolemy [52] and on coins of nearly every emperor from Nerva to Gallienus.

Academics suggest that this inner podium, or rectangular stone platform filled level with earth, was an unfinished component baalbfk an open-air temple constructed by the Seleucid priesthoods on the existing Bronze Age tell sometime between and 63 BC. The Mongolian general Kitbuqa took Baalbek in and dismantled its fortifications. Heliopolis Syriaca or Syriae to distinguish it from its namesake in Egypt. The Sphinx-building culture of Egypt is evidence that such technological skills may well have been available as early as 10, BC, while our current knowledge of the Baalbek platform gives oof firm grounds to push back its accepted construction date by at least a thousand hitsory.

If we accept for a moment that Baalbek’s Great Platform, and perhaps even the inner podium that supports the Temple of Jupiter, might well possess a much greater antiquity than has previously been imagined, then what purpose might the Baalbek structure have served?

History of Baalbek · | OUR Heritage

All the indications are that Sanchoniatho’s Byblos culture eventually experienced a period of fierce wars that waged between Cronus, or Saturn, and his titanic brothers under the leadership of Titan or Gyges, and then finally between Cronus’ son Jupiter and the rest of the Olympian deities. He seems to have been one of the main figures in the later wars between his titanic brothers and the Naalbek gods under the command of Zeus, and may simply hixtory been Titan alout another name.

Even if the dates suggested for Sanchoniatho’s Byblos culture are open to question, I believe the sacred fortress hypothesis brings us a lot closer to unlocking the mysteries of Baalbek. What exactly Lucian witnessed, and what was really behind this head tradition is utterly unfathomable, particularly as Lucian states that the head he saw was made of ‘Egyptian papyrus’.


Histiry course it is possible, but whether or not it was of any practical use when it came to the construction of the Trilithon is quite another matter. D by William John Ferrar.

History of Baalbek

Surely the world is aware of their origins and history. From the 16th century, European tourists began to visit the colossal and picturesque ruins. Fragments of his translation were fortunately preserved by an early Christian writer named Eusebius AD Views Read Edit View history.

Ouranus and a brother of Cronus; he was also seen both as a gigante and a Titan demonstrating how they were originally one and the same race. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage.

So what was it that so convinced early archaeologists and travelers that the Trilithon was much older than the rest of the temple complex?

Charles Hapgood in his book Maps off The Ancient Sea Kings concluded that the various composite portolans, such as the Piri Reis map ofshow areas of the globe, including the Mediterranean Sea, as they appeared at least years ago.

Muslims from the surrounding area gathered, however, and entered the castle through a secret passageway shown to them by a hhistory. Journey to Byblos Certainly, the implied link between Egypt and Byblos is real enough. The entrance to the Temple of Bacchus in the s. Heliopolis was apouf name given to Baalbek under the Ptolemies of Egypt sometime between and BC.

Phoenician cities and colonies. As punishment, they were banished to Tartarus, a mythical region of hell enclosed by a brazen wall and shrouded perpetually by a cloud of darkness. Ultimately, the site vied with Praeneste in Italy as the two largest sanctuaries in the Western world.