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Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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Phylogenetic relationships of Didymocistus and Hymenocardia Euphorbiaceae. Leaf powder in food is taken to treat asthma.

Hymenocardia acida

In West Africa it is chewed together with kola Cola spp. Shrub or small tree. A leaf infusion is taken to treat chest complaints and smallpox, a leaf and root infusion is taken to treat oedema caused by malnutrition and an extract of the leafy twigs is rubbed in to strengthen sickly children.

Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. A bark decoction is widely taken to treat pulmonary affections, including tuberculosis; it is also used as a steam bath, alone or with the fruits, to treat breathing difficulties and colds. An ethanolic root extract showed marked antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniaeStaphylococcus aureusStreptococcus mutans and Salmonella enterica in vitro, as well as spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory activities in vivo in mice and rats.

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Powdered root in porridge is given to breast-feeding women to diminish the milk flow. A review of plant species used to treat conjunctivitis. Pulped roots and leaves are applied to haemorrhoids and rectal prolapse. Dioecious, deciduous shrub or small tree up to 6 —10 m tall, often straggling; bole up to 30 cm in diameter, often stunted or contorted; bark smooth, pale brown or grey, flaking off, showing a powdery reddish to orange inner bark; upper branches spreading, lower branches drooping; young shoots short-hairy.


A leaf decoction is taken as an emetic and to treat snakebites. Citation in news articles. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly rounded or notched at the apex, dark green above, brown hairy only when young, paler below, densely covered with golden gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under.

Though many of these journals and publications are open access online, there is the need to bring into focus and shape the thinking and research opportunities of those scientists engaged in the field of natural products by bringing together in form of a review, the publications that are available on a given natural product.

Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images 7. Root sap and fruit juice are used as ear drops to treat earache and also to treat toothache.

Evaluation of the anti-ulcer activity of aqueous stem-bark extract of Hymenocardia acida family – Euphorbiaceae. Hymenocardia shows similarities in wood anatomy and pollen morphology to Ulmaceae which, coupled to the winged fruits, caused some botanists to place it in a family of its own, Hymenocardiaceae.


Citation in scholarly articles. Hymenocardia comprises 6 species, 5 of which occur in continental Africa and 1 in South-East Asia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 9 8: Flowers unisexual, petals absent, disk absent; male flowers sessile, calyx 1.

Root powder is applied to skin diseases. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida common shrub x – 9k – jpg www.

Hymenocardia acida — Wikipédia

Hymenocardia acida Aluka – Hymenocardia acida Tul. In East and southern Africa the wood is known for its hardness and resistance to termites; it is used to make house posts, poles, pestles and tool handles. From the root bark the cyclopeptide alkaloid hymenocardine was isolated. Carpodiptera minor Sim Hymenocardia mollis Pax var. The young leaves and twigs are commonly browsed by cattle and in DR Congo they are eaten by edible caterpillars. Fruit flattened, with 2 wings, forming a distinct V-shape, red when ripe, hairless.

There are 20 citations in Afrirefs related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. The powdered bark, together with parts of other plants, is used as a macerate to treat fractures. Hymenocardia acida is an important medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa, and the effectiveness of many traditional uses has been confirmed by preliminary pharmacological research. The review covers phytochemical constituents, ethnomedicinal and pharmacological activities of this plant.