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Samuel Ibn Tibbon (c. –) was a translator, philosopher, and philosophical commentator on the Bible. He is most famous for his. Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon, (born , Granada, Spain—died c. , Marseille ), Jewish physician and translator of Jewish Arabic-language works into. Jacob ben Tibbon is also known by the Latin version of his name, Prophatius Judaeus, and in Provence he is known by the name Don Pro Fiat. The ibn Tibbon .

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In other words, the temple and tabernacle, working as a reductio ad absurdum of sorts, helped to spread the true belief in monotheism.

Antiquity to the Modern PeriodJon Tibbbon ed. Civil War American Ib Moreover, he explains that, when a term already exists, he will follow established convention, even when he disagrees. Solomon al-Konstantini’s Marot Elohim. Abraham of Montpellier — the main anti-Maimonidean activist during the Maimonidean controversy of the s — accused him of revealing the secrets of the Guide to the uninitiated.

Academic Tools How to cite this entry. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. He is regarded by…. During the period — in particular—from the Almohad persecutions in Islamic Spain to the expulsion of the Jews from France—much of the classical tradition, as translated into Arabic and developed in the Islamic world, was made available in Hebrew. Born in Granadahe left Spain inprobably on account of persecution by the Almohadesand went to Lunel in southern France.

He praised the translator’s ability and acknowledged his command of Arabic, a skill he found surprising in France. American Academy for Jewish Research, When the struggle between the Maimonists and anti-Maimonists arose, Samuel was reproached for contributing to the spread of the ideas of Maimonides.


It includes extended discussions of key terms, and works as both glossary and lexicon, ib and primer. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. But promoting Maimonides meant engaging philosophy more generally as well.

In Singer, Isidore ; et al. These writings, inspired by the work of Maimonides and saturated with the philosophy of al-Farabi and Averroes, laid the foundations tigbon a whole movement of Jewish philosophy and exegesis: This movement attracted enthusiasts in Provence, as well as in Italy, Byzantium, and to a lesser extent Spain.

Thus the verse should be understood differently, with the final clause relating to God rather than man; man should understand and know God, full stop. Schoken Books,pp. It is also evident that despite his dependence on Maimonides, Ibn Tibbon sometimes comes up with insights that are very much his own. But in Ibn Tibbon’s opinion, although this state is worthy of praise, they could have reached a higher state still: The commentary is a large and digressive work, including a long preface, a verse-by-verse commentary, and several digressions, in which Ibn Tibbon introduces a philosophical subject or explains a related verse in Genesis, Jeremiah, Psalms, Proverbs, or the Song of Songs.

Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon

It was completed after the commentary on Ecclesiastes, possibly in or Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon. This description reads as follows:. Three of the most important examples are the following: This is suggested by the surprising similarity between the interests of Ibn Tibbon and those of his contemporaries, such as Michael Scot and Alfred of Sarashel.


He also examined the commentaries on it by Alexander of Aphrodisias, Avicenna, obn Averroes—for textual witnesses and to help understand the text. There was a problem with your submission. Most important, it created a safe place for the doing of philosophy itself; for obn a peculiar process of canonization, beginning with Maimonides and continuing with his disciples, specific biblical verses tibbbon stories became the standard loci for the discussion of philosophical ideas or problems.

Samuel Ibn Tibbon (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

These subjects were particularly vexing: Goldenthal, Leipzig,p. This presented a ready lexicon of sorts for the translator: Many examples of this type have been enumerated by the logicians. This article includes a list of referencesrelated reading or external linksbut its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Throughout Ibn Tibbon’s writings, he returns time and again to a few key problems: In fact, however, it is much more.

Ibn Tibbon

Thus Jacob Anatoli c. Ibn Tibbon’s translations are generally literal. In particular, the gross anthropomorphic representations, in Ibn Tibbon’s opinion, expose the absurdity of conceiving God as a body, with all the body’s concomitant needs and relations.

Maimonides had discussed them, but did not provide a consistent doctrine; al-Farabi had famously denied that conjunction is possible; while Averroes took up the question of immortality in several works with differing results. Nevukhat ha-Morimor “Perplexity of the Rebellious”.

Other teachers in Lunel taught him about medicine, Arabic and the secular knowledge of his age. Maimonides, Moses Maimonides’ Epistle to Yemen: