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Irenaean theodicy is ‘soul making’. His theodicy is more concerned with the development of humanity. Irenaeus distinguished between the ‘image’ and the. (25 Marks) The Irenaeus Theodicy, often called Soul Making, is a counterpart to Augustine’s Theodicy, yet it is also and opposing argument. Irenaeus’ theodicy is . A MODERN IRENAEAN THEODICY -. PROFESSOR HICK ON EVIL. Brian A. Davies. In attempting to deal with the traditional problem of evil. Christian.

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Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Most versions of the Irenaean theodicy propose that creation is incomplete, as humans are not yet fully developed, and experiencing evil and suffering is necessary for such development.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Irenaean theodicy – Wikipedia

Can suffering ever be justified on the grounds of motive? Irenaeus stated that God made humans imperfect and is therefore partly responsible for the existence of evil.

Another early Christian theologian, Origenpresented a response to the problem of evil which cast the world as a schoolroom or hospital for the soul; theologian Mark Scott has argued that Origen, rather than Irenaeus, ought to be considered the father of this kind of theodicy. Irenaeus believed the first stage is complete, but the second stage requires humans to develop and grow into the likeness of God, a stage which Irenaeus believed is still in progress. Typically, the Irenaean theodicy asserts that the world is the best of all possible worlds because it allows humans to fully develop.

Would a loving God use evil? There is no moral dimension to this. Adam had the form of God but not the content of God. There does not need to be an opposite. He perceived God’s declaration in the Book of Genesis that his creation was good to mean that the world is fit for purpose, rather than being free from suffering.

Could we not learn through pleasure as well as pain? Michael Tooley argued that the magnitude of suffering is excessive and that, in some cases, cannot lead to moral development.

Finally, he questioned whether the current universe is the best possible world for the moral development of humans. This would appear unjust, in that evil goes unpunished. Humanity currently exists in the image of God and is being developed into spiritual maturity. Hick argued that this would leave humans unable to help or harm one another, allowing them no moral choices and so preventing moral development.


Irwnaean Irenaean theodicy was first identified as a form of theodicy by John Hick in Evil and the God of Lovewritten in These aspects are Origen’s allegorical treatment of Adam and Evethe presentation of the world as a hospital or schoolroom, the progression he advocates of the human soul, and his universalism.

Origen believed that all humans will eventually reach heaven as the logical conclusion of God being ‘all in all’. He also challenged the suffering irenqean of animals and of young children. He proposed that it would be illogical for a perfect creation to go wrong as Augustine had suggested and that evil must have been created by God for a good reason.

Irenaeus’ Theodicy

The fall of humanity is seen as a failure within this second phase of becoming more like God in content. The development of process theology has challenged the Irenaean tradition by teaching that God’s power is limited and that he cannot be responsible for evil. However, Dostoyevsky also states that the beauty of love is evident, in that love can continue to grow, withstand and overcome even the most evil acts. Hailed as the first great Catholic theologian.

His free will defence was not a theodicy because he was trying to show the logical compatibility of evil and the existence of God, rather than the probability of God.

Second-century philosopher and theologian Irenaeusafter whom the theodicy is named, proposed a two-stage creation process in which humans require free will and the experience of evil to develop. Hick believes that everyone has the chance to achieve eternal life. Irenaeus’ eschatology was based on a literal interpretation of the Bible, especially the Book of Revelation.

Inphilosopher John Hick discussed the similarities of the preceding theodicies, calling them all “Irenaean”. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Typical to variations of the Irenaean theodicy is the notion that the present world is the greatest possible world, or the best of all possible worlds. British philosopher Richard Swinburne proposed a version of the Irenaean theodicy based on his libertarian view of free will, a view that one’s free actions are not caused by any outside agent.

Good, evil and suffering

Evaluation Irenaeus proposed the idea that God created humans as imperfect to evolve in his image but this does not explain why ireenaean didn’t make morally perfect humans who theodicu have to become in God’s image. Ethical egoism Euthyphro dilemma Logical positivism Religious language Verificationism eschatological Problem of evil Theodicy Augustinian Irenaean Best of all possible worlds Inconsistent triad Natural evil.


Hick believed that there would be no benefit or purpose to an eternal Hell, as it would render any moral development inconsequential. He developed this further by explaining that through hardships and life, humans develop virtues, and these virtues are more meaningful than if they were simply graced irennaean us by God. To summarise Irenaeus’ Theodicy: The fact that some people suffer significantly more lead people to lose faith and turn away from God, rather than ‘learn a lesson’ and for this to be a convincing argument against the problem of evil, surely God would not allow such unhumane methods and people could learn theoricy less pain.

Because Irenaeus saw the purpose of the world to be the development of the moral character of humans, he believed that a good irwnaean would be theoicy suited to that purpose. Retrieved 6 September We are in an immature moral state, though we have the potential for moral perfection. Origen used two metaphors for the world: The Irenaean theodicy is a response to the evidential problem of evil which raises the problem that, if an omnipotent and omnibenevolent all-powerful and perfectly loving God exists, there should be no evil in the world.

Knowledge of pain prompts humans to seek to help others in pain.

BBC Bitesize – GCSE Religious Studies – Good, evil and suffering – Revision 3

However, humans iremaean that free will to turn away from God and chose to sin. The Irenaean theodicy is a Christian theodicy a response to the problem of evil. Unlike Augustine, who claimed that humanity destroyed a perfect world, Hick and Irenaeus say that the perfect world is one to look forward to. God endured Jonah’s absorption, man’s long punishment. Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden because they were immature and needed to develop, i.

Surely there are more thsodicy waays about allowing people to develop in the likeness of God?