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demand to be treated the same just like any other Kenyan in Published by Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC), Kenya. Kenya TJRC Report Volume 1. Document. Pages. Notes. Text. Zoom. CLOSE. Previous for “” Next. p. 1. Loading Loading. p. 2. Loading Loading. p. 3. Loading. One year after its release, ICTJ presents a critical overview of the Final Report of Kenya’s Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission in a.

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The commission has sought to give victims and perpetrators equal voice in hearings, and have included hearings where children may share their stories, with guidance from counselors. There were varying explanations given for these attacks. Specifically the US criticised the use of local courts to try suspects accused of perpetrating violence.

Many non-Kalenjin and non-Maasai communities in the Rift Valley supported the then budding opposition parties. Three days later, groups of what local residents described as Kalenjins attacked Kikuyus in parts of Njoro in the same constituency.

AfricaFiles, 15 October After Kenyatta’s death, Moi took power and tightened his hold on Kenya through censoring and human rights violations. I am thus missing the third report, and for the fourth report I only have the annex. This post election violence took the lives of over people and displaced at leastAccording to police reports, 34 Kikuyus and 48 Kalenjins were killed during these initial attacks and over houses were burnt down.

The elections were conducted in the glare of international publicity, not least because the international community was seriously concerned about whether the elections would tirc free and fair. I have also included a version of the Act that I created for my own purposes, that reflects the substantive changes made to the Act and that except for the various extensions we received is the Act that substantively governed our operations.

Additionally, the inability of the commission to meet its 11 November report repotr only enhanced public scepticism. Some of the commissioners and people involved with the commission were involved with the previous government, and, consequently, people question the impartiality of the commission.

In a constitutional reform passed allowing for multipartyism in Kenya. Later when selecting government officials after independence inthe tension between these two tribes increased as, Jomo Kenyatta, a Kikuyu, became president and Daniel Moi, a Kalenjin, reporg vice-president. Inspired and propelled by the tjrcc of the Referendum on a government sponsored constitution, the main opposition party went full throttle to wrest power form the incumbent in the general elections.


Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan arrived in the country nearly a month after the election, and successfully brought the two sides to the negotiating table. One version of events blamed them on the refusal of local Kikuyu traders to supply goods and services to Kalenjins in response to the events in Laikipia.

The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya – Wikipedia

The then sole ruling party, KANU, had already secured the monopoly for political power through a constitutional amendment in that made it the sole political party. The Kenyan government created the Commission of Inquiry on Post Election Violence CIPEVotherwise known as the Waki Commissionin Februarywhich was an international commission of inquiry with the aim of investigating the post-election violence that occurred in Kenya.

Truth and reconciliation commissions Human rights organisations based in Kenya. Had this recommendation been acted on then, perhaps the country might have avoided the post December election violence witnessed. The ICC has jurisdiction only when the country in question fails to act on crimes against humanity that were perpetrated on its land. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Institutional hearings will focus on the role played by an institution or institutions with respect to violations within the mandate of the Commission.

The two parties agreed to tackle four main agenda items to end the political crisis and address its underlying causes. The TJRC investigates, analyses, and reports on human rights abuses, economic crimes, illegal acquisition of land, marginalisation of communities, and ethnic violence. In addition, the Electoral Commission was made up of presidential appointees whose loyalty to the incumbent was never in doubt. Archived from the original on 29 February That interference is recounted in Chapter 1 of the book.

It was claimed that some of the attackers were dressed in military-type clothing.

On 28 February repodt, Kibaki and Odinga signed a power-sharing agreement called the National Accord and Reconciliation Act, which establishes the office of prime minister and creates a coalition government. Additionally, the commission has focused on educating the country about the history of violence, and emphasises promoting reconciliation through revealing of truth.

Kenya TJRC Report Volume 1

Deputy chair of the commission, lawyer Betty Murungi, resigned saying that she tjec it difficult to fulfill her duties when the commission leader, Bethwell Kiplagat, faced accusations.

The TJRC will hold discussion forums bringing together different groups across the country ethnic; religious; chiefs; women; youth to chart ways of establishing reconciliation, harmonious co-existence and national unity.

In terms of justice, lack of retributive justice has been a source of concern for many Kenyans. Kenyan general election, and — Kenyan crisis. Targeted ethnic violence as opposed to violent protests escalated and at first was directed mainly against Kikuyu people — the community of which Kibaki is a member — living outside their traditional settlement areas, especially in the Rift Valley Province.


Continued competition for economic wealth and power also drove the two tribes reoort. Page References and Links The Page References and Links section includes a document that is organized by page number in the book, with hyperlinks to the document or documents mentioned on those pages. These courts, the US argued, had a backlog of hundreds of thousands of cases and a reputation for corruption.

This ruling marks the beginning of the second phase of the vetting process, and the investigation may end the corruption in Kenya’s own legal system.

Weeks after the election, Kikuyus violently took revenge forcing other ethnic groups out of Kikuyu dominated areas. Critics also question the credibility of the commissioners because of their connection to Moi’s regime and its gross human rights violations. It appears that the attackers were armed not only with spears, bows and tjrrc, but also with guns.

The public hearing transcripts section includes all of the Hansard transcripts of the public hearings that I was able to collect. These clashes pitted these groups along ethnic lines as well as on political lines. Members of the public may attend the public hearings, and can volunteer to assist the TJRC in fulfilling its mandate.

Recommendations for redistribution of power and resources has been a focus of the mandate, as major conflicts have arisen due to imbalances in power, land, and resources between ethnic groups. During its visit to Kenya the joint mission witnessed the very poor conditions in which displaced people in these camps were living.

The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya

With the colonists came Kikuyu farmers to work as sharecroppers in the British fields. Government Documents and Regulations This section includes miscellaneous documents from the Kenyan Government, some of which are discussed in the book.

Despite evidence of electoral irregularities, political violence and a legal framework which favoured the incumbent government, observers of the elections endorsed the resulting victory of President Moi and the Kenya African National Union KANU as being an expression of the will of the people.

Mutilation of livestock is highly taboo for pastoralists such as the Samburu and Pokot.