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Stephen David Krasner (born 15 February , New York) is an international relations in his influential book, Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy (), in which he defines state sovereignty as clearly drawn out rules in the international . Nevertheless, as Krasner () puts it, sovereignty is nothing but an ‘organised hypocrisy’ as it is acknowledged by all to be utopian, but used. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy by Stephen D. Krasner. Fred H. Lawson. Mills College. Search for more papers by this author.

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Organised HypocrisyOrtanized argues that the word sovereignty has four distinctive attributes: Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing. To begin with, this work will define the concept of sovereignty by using both the classification of Krasner employed in his book, but also other interesting sources and comments.

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On the one hand, some have argued that sovereignty is becoming an obsolete idea given that the successful neoliberal economic policies and ethical foreign policy operate in a border-less world. This essay will thus argue that sovereignty is not merely a hypoxrisy concept, given that certain concessions of it are implied in its very evolution, but also reflects the world powers willingness to act illegally within the limits circumscribed by international law.

On the other hand, it can be juxtaposed the notion that sovereignty is indeed hypocrisy. Both of the above circumstances can be exemplified by looking at the way the principle of sovereignty has not prevented states from interfering in the affairs of other states, but might have actually acted as a catalyst for intervention, as in the multitude of cases related to humanitarianism.

Aidan Hehir Date written: As a matter of fact, the normative conceptualisation of sovereignty is possibly one of the most successful and long-standing concept within international politics, given that it has survived over three centuries of history and it is sought by all those entities wanting to become members of the states system Bickerton, Cunliffe and Gourevitch, For the sports writer and author of children’s books, see Stephen Krasner.

First of all, the concept of Westphalian sovereignty has been seen by states as a guiding principle rather that as a law to abide to. Instead, he states that the undisputed power of the U.

Another example can be drawn from the WikiLeaks most recent file disclosure, in which it appears that the Vatican made use of its right as a sovereign state to blame the actions executed by the Irish Commission investigating on child abuses committed by the priests Kington, However, the above classification cannot be exhaustive given that the problem in conceptualising sovereignty is that it becomes hard to separate the descriptive and normative significance of the concept Karp, As it has been argued in the previous section, the descriptive and normative understandings of sovereignty are not reconcilable elements.


Hence, the fact that they were granted international legal sovereignty by the other states, does not actually mean that they possessed domestic or interdependence sovereignty Krasner, Krasner is the author of six books and over ninety articles.

Is sovereignty ‘organised hypocrisy’?

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In fact, it has been argued that the sovereignty of all European states might actually be enhanced thanks to the cooperation and consultation system which operates at the intra-state level, as it makes them carry more political weight Gourdault-Montagne and Ischinger, Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing organizev free to view.

It follows that it should become an acceptable reality that only certain facets of krasmer can actually work in practise, while the principle of non-interference or interdependence should be put aside and probably re-conceptualised so as to fit the reality of globalisation and of international political economy.

Moreover, the concept carries a deep historical significance given that it is the result of the Treaty of Westphalia of which terminated long years of violence and rkasner experienced by Western European states and which was later spread in the rest of the world through the political movement of colonisation and decolonisation colonisation has also clearly affected the political reality of most colonies, given that their government was forged in the image of the Western Powers.

Stephen Krasner is what political scientists define as a neorealist. Nevertheless, to take for granted that the compelling idea that sovereignty is an organised hypocrisy would also be a mistake. Krasner received his bachelor’s degree from the Department of History at Cornell University inwhere he was a member of the Quill and Dagger society. In reality, only Westphalian and international legal sovereignty are questioned as they represent the pivotal expressions of the principle of sovereignty.

Hence, through hypocrjsy identification of the different faces of sovereignty and an ortanized of the fact that sovereignty still plays a fundamental role in international relations, given that all states rely on it or still want it, it can be said that sovereignty is not oganized.

Even when the globalisation phenomenon seems to attack the basis of interdependence sovereignty, states are still required to be legally recognised by other states and are also required to follow the tenets of international law enshrined in organizex United Nations Charter which maintains that all states are equal sovereigns operating in the world orasner UN, Unequal Sovereigns in the International Legal Order.

Please Consider Donating Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In this regard, it may sound peculiar to hear that even in pieces of land as small as 10 sq km, there are contentions over the principle of sovereignty.

Finally, it will offer an objective evaluation of the opposite arguments by showing the way in which the practicability of the idea wins over its utopian essence probably it is better to be unrealisable under certain organuzed.


Nevertheless, sovereignty remains an important principle protected and wanted by many, even by the smallest territories. Krasner also argues that bureaucratic procedures and bureaucratic politics are not what shape American foreign policy. The same paragon can be made the other way around, in fact there are states which do not support the international legal recognition of Kosovo but which paradoxically do accept visitors with Kosovar passports The Economist, He has also written extensively about statehood and sovereignty.

This page was last edited on 28 Marchat To conclude, this essay has argued that to define sovereignty as organised oragnized might be a dangerous choice, even when convinced of the originality of this radical idea.

The analysis will be carried out by keeping in mind the existing krwsner between reality and utopia, between the descriptive and normative meanings of sovereignty. That is because the code of behaviour which evolved around the concept of sovereignty is not based on the most powerful states manoeuvring it at their desire.

Views Read Edit View history. On the one hand, Joffe asserts that no state is an island ogranized thus no country is absolutely independent from external entities as the Westphalian concept of sovereignty would hgpocrisy us to believe.

Francesca Lo CastroAug 23views This content was written by a student and assessed as part of a university degree. For the above reason, it is hypocrksy taken for granted when dealing with issues regarding the international order and the essence hypocrisyy statehood Simpson, But what is the fuss about this political idea?

He writes about the United States hyppocrisy being threatened by weakened nations in the increasingly interconnected international system in his article, Addressing State Failure But Krasner argues that it is a dangerous theory because it gives leaders excuses for their foreign policy failures, and it gives the public a skewed view of the ultimate power that the President possesses.

The concept of sovereignty has evolved and is still evolving, however its controversial and questionable nature has not evolved, as the world keeps on witnessing the same disasters and the same usurpations of the most powerful towards the weaker states.

Donations are voluntary and not required hypocirsy download the e-book – organizzed link to download is below. President is what ultimately leads to the foreign policy decisions Are Bureaucracies Important? It is the legitimising principle of modern democracies and of the fundamentals of international law Nabulsi, It is sought by territories claiming independence and forcibly defended by those who had it granted.

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