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The pre-eminent classical piano music to have emerged over the last half century , Ligeti’s Etudes have received numerous recordings – both in part and as a. In Ligeti’s own description of the Piano Etudes, he says, they are “Etudes in a compositional and pianistic sense”1 that “behave like growing organisms.”2 Upon. “Désordre” (), the first etude in the first book of piano etudes by György Ligeti . (–). After explaining how Gestalt principles can be applied to the.

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Ligeti Piano Etudes, Bks 1 and 2 |

There is a key signature of five flats etures shifts from hand to hand, as in the previous two etudes – numbers 10 and In his first book of etudes, the differences are less extreme and less extensive than in the late volume. At the end of the movement, the initial mysterious atmosphere reoccurs. A key signature consisting of five flats appears in the left hand, then in the right.

II, 58 pianl The piano takes part in this interaction ex.

The theme appears between the sixteenth notes and is reinforced with strong accents. There is no real theme to this movement.

Its main feature is the horrifying, ligfti sounds produced mainly by wind instruments. The feeling created by listening to this work is similar to that occurring from watching a Hitchcock movie: Toop mentions that a year and a half after he started composing the concerto, Ligeti had written three movements, premiered in Austria in Ligeti was not a piano virtuoso.

Pierre-Laurent Aimard opens a world of imagination in Ligeti’s piano music

Metadata Show full item record. Ligeti considered Bartok to be one of the most important composers and followed his lead in many ways. In general, his etudes are at a high level of difficulty, technical and rhythmical — they include complex rhythms and demanding technical passages.


There are accents and syncopations that create a jazzy feeling and the harmonies certainly make reference to impressionism. The sixteenth notes appear once again, this time in the form of repeated arpeggios in the right hand, while the left hand continues in the same way as in the transitional section ex.

Citation Tsong, Mayron Kacy. At the end of the piece, the pianist finds himself at the extreme of both the high and low registers.

Overall, this etude has a very strong ostinato character and also displays rhythmic elements taken from efudes music. Rachmaninoff, Etude-Tableau No9 op. The dynamics of the piece overstep the boundaries of the extreme — dynamics such as ffffffff appear more than once.

Piano Concerto, V 1, 8. Eighth notes and chords alternate or are combined, chromatically ascending, reaching their peak, in the form of a chord marked ffffffff. The first three etudes are dedicated to Etudse Boulez for his sixtieth birthday, as Richard Toop informs us Although Chopin, Debussy, African idioms, Nancarrow and jazz are compositional influences in Ligeti’s Piano Etudes, these pieces are altogether unique.

With ten fingers, the pianist plays up to seven different layers, each with its own tempo, dynamics and tone colour. The string instruments play an important role in the fifth movement of the concerto.

Pierre-Laurent Aimard opens a world of imagination in Ligeti’s piano music | Music | The Guardian

It is shorter than the previous etudes and quite dense in its writing. A lower voice consisting of syncopations appears, to be followed by the introduction of a theme in the higher voice ex. A really odd occurrence is that the right hand bears an Eb and a Db as key signature, while the left hand is marked with Bb, Ab and Gb. Here the composer restricts his musical material — with the exception of the final bars — to a single note: A different piano work by Ligeti that shares compositional characteristics with the etudes is his Piano Concerto.


One of the results of this compositional approach is that although this is a fast movement, it does not feel this way — it feels much slower than its actual tempo Ligeti was first introduced to Julia and Mandelbrot sets inToop notes. The motif consists of eight ascending notes, rhythmically arranged inwith accents on the first note of each rhythmic figuration ex.

The rhythmic groupings are shown in example 18a. Until that time, Ligeti had only composed short piano pieces such as bagatelles, capriccios, an invention and some etudes for organ In the last measure of the etude, Ligeti uses a term much loved by Liszt: Robson Books; London, He is justified to state so.

It seems that a motif is introduced by a group of instruments and then immediately mimicked by another group of instruments or by the piano.

Études (Ligeti)

In addition, the eighth note triplets of this movement foreshadow patterns later applied in Etude no. Schott,1 and Their directness of communication, innovative rhythmic texture, and virtuosic pianism place them among the most attractive and important works of contemporary piano literature.

After a while, quarter notes give their place to eighth notes, creating a slightly more flowing pace that leads to the end of the etude. The chords are divided into groups, each group starting in a very low register and ascending gradually, as Lois Svard notices